When it comes to fine art, experts have occasionally called it academic art. Individuals may also hear it called eclecticism. Traditionally, this gets described as an art form that keeps an element of realism to it. At a later point in time, this art style had close associations with Neoclassical painting. Some of the artists that an individual will find with this style include:
- Jean-Antoine Gros
- Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
- Paul Delaroche
- Jean-Leon Gerome
- Jacques-Louis David
- The Academic Art Movement
People could sum up the academic art movement as a period that especially took place during the 1800s, even though the style has become a characteristic found throughout a variety of times into the 1900s. The French aristocracy helped to give rise to this period. During this time, some of the most prestigious art academies rose up, and this form of art especially dominated the period of the 1800s when it became the most popular. This period had an element of elitism to it. For example, the people who were into art during this period who could create great art were welcomed, but the individuals who treated art as a form of manual labor were shunned. While people with a minor education may not get accepted, those who had the right connections had access to some of the best art instructors.
Characteristics of Academic Art
When an individual looks at academic art, they will see that it has both touches of Romanticism, Neoclassicism, and Rococo. At one point in time, all these styles were considered unconventional styles, and they were one of the more rebellious forms. Academic art often ignored the people in cities, and it depicted people in rural dream settings, or it pulled from mythical themes.
At the turn of the 20th century, the academic art period was replaced with the Avante Garde art period when the art world saw new artists like Lil Picard, Clara Tice, and Lajos Vajda. The message in academic art often had an uplifting message, and people considered it to have high moral content. An individual could also find Christian principles and humanistic qualities with academic artists. During this time, artists were encouraged to communicate an eternal truth or ideal.